Antenatal steroid therapy for pregnant women may improve survival among extremely preterm infants


Steroid remedy earlier than delivery seems to enhance survival and cut back problems amongst extraordinarily preterm infants, in accordance with a examine funded by the Nationwide Institutes of Well being. Antenatal steroid remedy, given to ladies vulnerable to preterm supply, causes the fetal lungs to mature and has been proven to enhance survival and cut back problems amongst infants born from 24 to 34 weeks of being pregnant. Nevertheless, earlier research of the remedy for infants born between the 22nd and 23rd week — these at biggest threat for dying and incapacity — have been inconclusive.

The examine was performed by Sanjay Chawla, M.D., at Central Michigan College, Mount Nice, and Wayne State College, Detroit, and colleagues at 17 U.S. analysis establishments. It seems in JAMA Community Open. Funding was offered by NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver Nationwide Institute of Baby Well being and Human Improvement and Nationwide Heart for Advancing Translational Sciences.

Of the moms of the 431 infants within the examine, 110 didn’t obtain the steroid betamethasone, 80 obtained partial remedy (one dose) and 241 obtained full remedy (two doses 24 hours aside).

Of the infants uncovered to finish remedy, 53.9% survived till hospital discharge, in comparison with 37.5% with partial remedy and 35.5% with no remedy. In comparison with infants receiving no remedy, infants uncovered to full remedy have been 1.95 occasions extra more likely to survive and a pair of.74 occasions extra more likely to survive with out main problems similar to extreme bleeding within the mind, extreme lung illness (bronchopulmonary dysplasia), cysts in mind, extreme irritation of the intestines (necrotizing enterocolitis) or irregular blood vessel development within the retina (retinopathy of prematurity needing remedy).

The examine authors concluded that their outcomes present robust proof to assist giving antenatal steroid remedy to pregnant folks in danger for supply at 22 weeks.


Journal reference:

Chawla, S., et al. (2022) Affiliation of antenatal steroid publicity at 21 to 22 weeks of gestation with neonatal survival and survival with out morbidities. JAMA Community Open.

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