High efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in preventing COVID-19 deaths in children and adolescents


A latest research printed in the BMJ evaluated the effectiveness of coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines in Argentinian youngsters when extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Delta and Omicron variants have been predominant.

Examine: Effectiveness of mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, and BBIBP-CorV vaccines against infection and mortality in children in Argentina, during predominance of delta and omicron covid-19 variants: test negative, case-control study. Picture Credit score: Studio Romantic/Shutterstock


Argentina carried out the COVID-19 vaccination program prioritizing particular subsets of the inhabitants in response to the danger of publicity, extreme illness, and social vulnerability. Vaccination was initiated for adolescents aged 12 to 17 with Moderna’s mRNA-1273 and Pfizer’s BNT162b2 vaccines in August 2021 and for kids aged 3 to 11 with Sinopharm’s BBIBP-CorV vaccine in October 2021.

Though experiences advised that low-and-middle-income nations might need the next proportion of COVID-19 fatalities in pediatric populations than high-income nations, there may be restricted proof on vaccine effectiveness, significantly towards loss of life, in youngsters and adolescents. Whereas research report that the efficacy of the BNT162b2 vaccine in youngsters/adolescents wanes over time, information on modifications within the effectiveness of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccines stay scarce.

Concerning the research

Within the current research, researchers assessed the effectiveness of BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, and BBIBP-CorV vaccines towards SARS-CoV-2 an infection and related mortality in youngsters and adolescents in Argentina throughout Delta and Omicron waves. All people examined for SARS-CoV-2 between September 12, 2021, and April 23, 2022, with out a earlier optimistic outcome have been included.

People testing optimistic for SARS-CoV-2 for the primary time have been included as circumstances, whereas controls have been these testing detrimental through the research interval. Epidemiologic information have been used from the Nationwide Surveillance System. Suspected COVID-19 circumstances and their confirmations have been notified by licensed public healthcare members.

Vaccination info was accessed from the Nominalized Federal Vaccination Registry. Kids (3 – 11 years) have been deemed absolutely vaccinated with the BBIBP-CorV vaccine in the event that they obtained the second dose a minimum of 14 days earlier than SARS-CoV-2 testing. Adolescents have been thought of absolutely vaccinated in the event that they obtained a two-dose homologous/heterologous routine of the BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273 vaccine, with a minimal of 14 days interval between testing and the second vaccination.

The first and secondary outcomes have been SARS-CoV-2 an infection, confirmed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain response (RT-PCR) or antigen testing, and COVID-19-associated loss of life. Circumstances and controls have been exact-matched on age, intercourse, week/sort of testing, residential province, and comorbidities. Conditional logistic regression was utilized to match the percentages of SARS-CoV-2 an infection. Vaccine effectiveness and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals have been computed.


In whole, 844,460 people have been examined for SARS-CoV-2 through the specified interval. Circumstances had larger proportions of comorbidities, have been much less probably male, and marginally older than controls. Precise-matching yielded 139,321 circumstances for evaluation. Round 54% of people within the matched cohort have been absolutely vaccinated, with 73,409 circumstances and 77,557 controls.

Most vaccinated adolescents (95%) accomplished a homologous two-dose routine, and a few (5%) obtained heterologous vaccination. The median interval between the second vaccination and COVID-19 testing was 66 days for adolescents and 54 days for kids. Vaccine effectiveness towards an infection remained excessive at 64.2% throughout age teams through the Delta predominant interval however declined through the Omicron wave (19.9%).

Nonetheless, mRNA vaccines have been barely more practical (26%) through the Omicron interval than the BBIBP-CorV vaccine (15.9%). Effectiveness declined with time since vaccination through the Delta wave from 68.4% inside 30 days to 65.2% for >61 days in youngsters and from 74.8% to 56.3% in adolescents.

Notably, the decay in effectiveness was a lot steeper through the Omicron interval, declining from 37.6% to 2% in youngsters and from 55.8% to 12.4% in adolescents. Through the Delta wave, the effectiveness was 70% for mRNA-1273 and 64% for BNT162b2. It was 89% for these receiving the BNT162b2 as the primary dose and mRNA-1273 for the second vaccination and 66% for topics serially receiving mRNA-1273 and BNT162b2.

Nonetheless, the estimates have been a lot decrease within the Omicron interval, with 18% for mRNA-1273 and 28% for BNT162b2. Heterologous vaccination was 40% efficient for people receiving BNT162b2 first and 31% for these vaccinated with mRNA-1273 first. Fifty-one deaths occurred amongst circumstances through the research interval.

Of those, 30 have been non-vaccinated, eight have been partially vaccinated, and 9 have been absolutely vaccinated. General, effectiveness towards mortality was 89% and remained excessive even through the Omicron wave at 88%. Through the Omicron wave, vaccination was 97% and 67% efficient towards COVID-19-associated mortality in adolescents and youngsters, respectively.


In abstract, the researchers noticed a excessive efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in stopping deaths because of COVID-19 within the 3–17-year age group, whatever the predominant circulating variant, albeit the inactivated vaccine was much less efficient than mRNA vaccines. Vaccines have been additionally efficient towards SARS-CoV-2 an infection initially post-vaccination, however the efficacy declined with time, with a extra pronounced decay through the Omicron wave.

Journal reference:

  • Castelli JM, Rearte A, Olszevicki S, et al. (2022). Effectiveness of mRNA-1273, BNT162b2, and BBIBP-CorV vaccines towards an infection and mortality in youngsters in Argentina, throughout predominance of delta and omicron covid-19 variants: check detrimental, case-control research. BMJdoi: 10.1136/bmj-2022-073070 https://www.bmj.com/content/379/bmj-2022-073070
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