Comparison of food portion sizes across Europe


An Italian research has just lately in contrast the usual portion sizes for various meals classes in European nations. The research identifies a large variation between nations concerning their significance for meals, nutrient, and vitality consumption.

The research has been printed within the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Examine: Role of Portion Size in the Context of a Healthy, Balanced Diet: A Case Study of European Countries. Picture Credit score: Jose Luis Stephens / Shutterstock


A meals portion dimension typically refers back to the quantity of meals a person intends to eat in a single consuming occasion. In Italy, a portion is outlined as “the amount of a meals that’s assumed to be a reference unit acknowledged and identifiable by each dietary professionals and most people.”

Varied nationwide and worldwide organizations have included meals portion dimension among the many determinants of dietary steadiness. Lately, the British Diet Basis, along with the European Union, has ready a tenet to specify the importance of meals decisions in addition to portion sizes in creating a wholesome and balanced food plan.

There may be proof displaying the affiliation between meals portion dimension and obese or weight problems. In the USA in addition to in European nations, a progressive enhance within the portion sizes of particular meals has been discovered to affiliate with the rise within the prevalence of obese and weight problems.

Within the present research, scientists have in contrast the usual portion sizes of various meals classes in European nations.

Examine design

The research used data on meals portion sizes from on-line paperwork printed by authorities our bodies or scientific societies in numerous Member States of the World Well being Group (WHO) European Area. A complete of 34 nations, together with 24 European Union nations and 10 non-European Union nations, had been thought of within the evaluation.       

The research primarily targeted on the institutional paperwork offering details about portion sizes for the grownup inhabitants because the reference requirements. The reference portion sizes seek advice from the values indicated by the Italian Society of Human Diet.

Necessary observations

The evaluation of minimal and most values of portion sizes calculated for the chosen nations revealed a major variation in portion sizes throughout the identical meals class. In distinction, the evaluation of common values of portion sizes calculated individually for European Union and non-European Union nations revealed the presence of some homogeneity between the 2 teams of nations.

Contemplating the reference requirements, the evaluation revealed that the typical portion sizes calculated for the chosen nations are akin to the reference values outlined by the Italian Society of Human Diet. Nevertheless, some exceptions had been noticed within the evaluation.

A decrease portion dimension than the Italian reference values was noticed for nuts, potatoes, greens, legumes, fish, and contemporary cheese. In distinction, milk and breakfast cereals confirmed increased portion sizes in comparison with the Italian reference values.

Comparability of meals portion sizes in European nations

The evaluation of obtainable paperwork recognized variations and similarities in meals portion sizes within the chosen European nations.

Whereas a decrease portion dimension for bread (15 gm) was noticed in Slovenia, the other (100 gm) was noticed in Iceland, Serbia, and Switzerland. In Italy and 7 different nations, the portion dimension was 50 gm.

The portion dimension for pasta, rice, maize, barley, and spelt was 80 gm in Italy, Germany, Malta, Norway, Spain, and Sweden. In comparison with this worth, bigger portion dimension was noticed in a number of nations, together with Belgium and Turkey. In different nations, together with Portugal and Estonia, a comparatively decrease portion dimension was noticed. 

For contemporary fruits, a portion dimension of 150 gm was noticed in Italy and 12 different nations. For greens and greens, a mean portion dimension of 160 gm was noticed in a number of nations. Furthermore, in seven nations, two reference parts of 100 gm and 200 gm had been noticed.

For purple meat, the Italian reference worth of 100 gm was intently associated to the general common worth calculated for the chosen nations. For fish, the general common worth was 110 gm. Nevertheless, in Italy, Norway, and Spain, a comparatively increased portion dimension for fish was noticed.

Examine significance

The research highlights the necessity for creating harmonized normal reference parts to assist shoppers contextualize the consumption of meals with completely different dietary traits in an general balanced food plan.

Journal reference:

  • Carruba MO. 2023. Function of Portion Dimension within the Context of a Wholesome, Balanced Weight loss program: A Case Examine of European Nations. Worldwide Journal of Environmental Analysis and Public Well being.
Leave A Reply