Study links sleep disorders to higher healthcare use in chronically ill children


The danger of elevated well being care utilization amongst kids with a persistent medical situation is increased for many who even have a sleep problem, in response to a brand new research that examined Medicaid claims information.

The research discovered that amongst kids who had a persistent medical situation, those that additionally had a identified sleep problem had been almost two occasions extra more likely to have elevated well being care utilization (odds ratio = 1.83) than those that had no sleep problem. The commonest sleep problem analysis was sleep-disordered respiration, which was current in 1,796 kids. Those that had sleep-disordered respiration had been 1.5 occasions extra more likely to have elevated well being care utilization (OR=1.51). The researchers adjusted the analyses for potential confounders together with age, race, and persistent medical circumstances.

The outcomes had been spectacular, suggesting a transparent position of sleep issues in well being care utilization in kids with persistent medical circumstances.”

Dr. Pranshu Adavadkar, principal investigator and lead writer, affiliate professor within the division of pediatrics on the College of Illinois Chicago and director of pediatric sleep medication on the UI Well being Sleep Sciences Middle

The research outcomes seem within the April 1 challenge of the Journal of Scientific Sleep Drugs, the official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Drugs.

The researchers extracted Illinois Medicaid claims information for 16,325 kids as much as 18 years of age. The research inhabitants was predominantly city, with most individuals representing ethnic minority teams with low socioeconomic standing. Every youngster had no less than one persistent medical situation resembling bronchial asthma, weight problems, diabetes, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity dysfunction, and 77% of the youngsters had a number of persistent medical circumstances. Individuals had been divided into three ranges of well being care utilization primarily based on their hospitalizations and emergency division visits within the 12 months prior to review enrollment: low (no hospitalization or ED go to), medium (one to 2 hospitalizations or one to 3 ED visits), and excessive (three or extra hospitalizations or 4 or extra ED visits).

Power medical circumstances and sleep issues had been recognized utilizing codes from the Worldwide Classification of Illnesses, 9th Revision and ICD-10. Sleep-disordered respiration -; which included diagnoses of apnea solely, loud night breathing solely, and apnea and loud night breathing mixed -; was present in 14.2% of youngsters with medium well being care utilization and 20.6% of these with excessive utilization.

Adavadkar famous that kids with persistent medical circumstances are likely to have disproportionately increased well being care utilization and prices, and households with decrease socioeconomic standing -; together with these coated by the Medicaid insurance coverage program -; are likely to bear the brunt of those prices. Due to this fact, one technique to scale back these prices is to deal with comorbid sleep issues.

“Understanding the particular sleep issues that considerably improve well being care utilization danger can inform focused interventions and screenings for higher administration of those high-risk kids,” stated Adavadkar.

The authors famous that sleep issues are typically underdiagnosed in pediatric populations, so the affiliation between sleep issues and well being care utilization could also be even stronger than the outcomes of this research exhibit.


Journal reference:

Adavadkar, P. A., et al. (2024). Affiliation between sleep issues and well being care utilization in kids with persistent medical circumstances: a Medicaid claims information evaluation. Journal of Scientific Sleep Drugs.

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